Plasmids for Efficient Production of Recombinant Proteins in E. coli
Plasmids play a crucial role in the transmission of genetic information across different types of bacteria. Plasmids transfer pathogenicity and survival genes to the host bacterium, allowing the bacteria to adapt to new environments and grow. Several plasmids of differing sizes have been recovered from numerous bacterial species. Plasmids may be used to genetically modify bacteria for a variety of reasons, including the generation of recombinant proteins. Escherichia coli is the most often utilised bacterium for the production of recombinant proteins owing to its quick growth rate, low cost, high yield of recombinant proteins, and simple scale-up procedure. To boost the synthesis of heterologous proteins in E. coli, a number of plasmids have been used. Diverse plasmids have been devised and built to address challenges such as protein refolding, E. coli codon use, a lack of post-translational modifications such as glycosylation, and insufficient recovery of functionally viable recombinant proteins. Recent technical advancements that have made it possible for the E. coli expression system to create more complex proteins, such as glycosylated recombinant proteins and therapeutic antibodies.
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